Image (C) to Erica Ryan
About the OHJA
The OTB Hunter/Jumper Association was created to oversee hunter, jumper, and equitation competition. It was founded in 2015 after a merger of the former OTB Hunter Association and OTB Jumper Association. It manages several programs, including International Hunter Derby, FEI Jumper Standings, equitation medals, and others, as well as hosting many real life and unique horse shows. The OHJA is overseen by a council of On the Bit’s most active and knowledgable hunter and jumper participants, who share duties and ensure that the OHJA is an active, fair, and enjoyable organization for all On the Bit members.
A Short History
Hunters and Jumpers both have their basis in fox-hunting on the English countryside. England’s 17th century “Inclosure Acts,” which enclosed many of the open fields in the countryside, made it necessary for hunters to find horses with jumping ability. Captain Frederico Caprilli of Italy developed the forward seat style of riding, which lifted the rider to less interference of the horse by shortening stirrups and leaning forward slightly more than in the traditional dressage seat: and modern show jumping was born. The first major show jumping event in its modern form was in 1907 in England, and in 1912 appeared in the Olympics for the first time. Jumpers are most often competing for speed and their ability to clear fences without knocking them down.
While a show jumper is tested on strength and agility, a hunter is tested on skill and presentation. Show hunters are subjectively judged based on their manner, consistency, and way of going. The ideal hunter is relaxed yet forward, with a stylish jump and “daisy-cutter” action. While jumper classes consist of jumps with bright colors and complicated fences, in the hunter over fences class a horse will meet jumps which more resemble the obstacles they would face in the hunt field such as coops, gates, and walls. Hunter divisions also include classes on the flat, where they are shown both directions of the ring at a walk, trot, and canter all together at once.
some information gathered from the USEF website and Wikipedia